Wednesday, December 3, 2008

Hippology Questions

Here are a bunch of Hippology questions for you to practice on. If you want to answer them in a comment feel free to do so.

Week #8
1. Who is credited with inventing the cowboy hat in 1860?

2.What was the term of the most common Roman chariot that was drawn by four
horses?

3.Name two of the three patron saints of the horse.

4.How many riders participate in a pas de deux?

5.The word horse is derived from the Anglo-Saxon term hors. What did hors
mean?

Week #9
1. The earliest evidence of this “little horse” is found in the middle Eocene of Wyoming, about 2 million years after the first appearance of Hyracotherium. The two genera coexisted during the Eocene, although Orohippus fossils are not as numerous or as geographically widespread as those of Hyracotherium. Fossils of Orohippus have been found in Eocene sediments in Wyoming and Oregon, dating from about _________ million years ago.

2. The "middle horse" earned its name. Mesohippus is intermediate between the eohippus-like horses of the Eocene, (which don't look much like our familiar "horse") and more "modern" horses. Fossils of Mesohippus are found at many Oligocene localities in Colorado and the Great Plains of the US (like Nebraska and the Dakotas) and Canada. This genus lived about _________ million years ago.

3.Parahippus appears to be the evolutionary “link” between the old forest-dwelling horses and the modern plains-dwelling grazers. It has 3 toes, like primitive horses, but the side toes are smaller. They are "horse-faced," or long-headed with the eye socket well back from the middle of the skull. Fossils of Parahippus are found at many early Miocene localities in the Great Plains and Florida. Species in this genus lived from _________ million years ago.

4."Grandfather" to the modern horse, Pliohippus appears to be the source of the latest radiation in the horse family. It is believed to have given rise to Hippidion and Onohippidion, genera that thrived for a time in South American, and to Dinohippus which in turn led to Equus. Fossils of Pliohippus are found at many late Miocene localities in Colorado, the Great Plains of the US (Nebraska and the Dakotas) and Canada. Species in this genus lived from _________ million years ago.

5.Equus is the only surviving genus in the once diverse family of horses. Domesticated about 3,000 years ago, the horse had a profound impact on human history in areas such as migration, farming, warfare, sport, communication, and travel. Species of Equus lived from _________ million years ago until the present. Living species include horses, asses, and zebras. Fossils of Equus are found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica.

Week #10
What breed registry is represented by PFHA?

During the Moorish occupation of Spain, they brought a horse with them that came to be known as the Berber horse. By what other name was the Berber horse known? HINT: This horse traces its ancestry back to the beginning of recorded horse pedigrees.

The Paso Fino is a direct result of the mixing of the Berber horses and Andalusians and one other genetic component. This “other” component is most responsible for the Paso Fino’s smooth, even gait. Name this component.

T/F - The distinctive gaits of the Paso Fino are diagonal.

T/F – The gaits of the Paso Fino include the walk, the paso fino, the paso corto, the paso largo and the canter and these are ALL natural gaits.

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